Dissolution of Partnership Firm and Settlement of Accounts

Dissolution of Partnership Firm – “What is Dissolution of a Partnership Firm?” And Settlement of Accounts

A Partnership Firm’s dissolution differs from the dissolution of individual partners. When a partnership dissolves, all business activities within the partnership cease. This article largely focuses on Partnership Firm dissolution, including “What is Dissolution of a Partnership Firm ?” and “How to Dissolve Partnership Firm?”


A Partnership Firm’s dissolution differs from the dissolution of individual partners. When a partnership dissolves, all business activities within the partnership cease. This article largely focuses on Partnership Firm dissolution, including “What is Dissolution of a Partnership Firm ?” and “How to Dissolve Partnership Firm?”



Dissolving a Partnership Firm entails ceasing to do business under the Partnership Firm’s name. All liabilities are finally satisfied in this situation by selling assets or transferring them to a specific partner, resolving all accounts with the Partnership Firm. Any profit or loss is distributed to partners according to the profit sharing ratio agreed upon in the partnership agreement.


When a Partnership Firm dissolves, the company’s name is dropped, and it will no longer be able to do business. However, if a partnership is dissolved, the existing partnership is dissolved by consent or upon the occurrence of a certain event, but the business can continue to exist if the remaining partners join into a new partnership agreement.

What is Dissolution of Partnership Firm?

The phrase “Dissolution” refers to the end of a partnership’s existing relationship. It signifies that the company’s operations will come to an end, and the company will Wind up its activity. As a result, all assets will be realised, and all liabilities will be settled.


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Difference between Dissolution of Partnership Firm and Dissolution of Partners

Reasons for Partnership Firm Dissolution

  • The existing profit-sharing ratio will be changed.

  • When there is addition of a new partner in a Firm.

  • An current partner’s retirement.

  • Existing partner’s death.

  • Insolvency of a partner as a result of his inability to contract. As a result, he is no longer a partner in the firm.

  • If a certain initiative is completed, a partnership is formed particularly for that venture.

  • When the partnership’s first period of formation expires.

Different ways on “How to Dissolve Partnership Firm?”

  • Through Mandatory Dissolution

If a company must be dissolved for the following reasons:

  1. All partners are declared insolvent, or all partners but one.

  2. The company engages in illegal activities such as dealing in drugs or other illegal products, doing business with foreign governments or countries that may undermine India’s interests, and other similar actions.

  • If Court Ordered Dissolution

If one of the partners becomes mentally ill, misbehaves with the others, or fails to follow the terms of the agreement, the others may initiate a court complaint to dissolve the partnership. However, only if the firm is registered with the Registrar of Firms than only it can be dissolved by a court. As a result, a court cannot dissolve an unregistered Partnership Firm.

  • When partners came to an agreement

When all partners have mutually agreed to close the Partnership Firm at that time there is a dissolution of Partnership Deed. It is the simplest way to dissolve a Partnership Firm. Partners might opt for mutual consent or enter into a dissolution arrangement as per there mutual decision on the dissolution.

  • If Dissolution is conditional on some unforeseen developments

Certain events may necessitate the dissolution of a corporation:

  1. Expiration of a fixed-term partnership– Once a fixed-term partnership has expired, it will be dissolved.

  2. Completion of a task– A partnership maybe formed for the purpose of completing a certain task or achieving a specific goal. The partnership will be immediately terminated once the work is done.

  3. Death of a partner– If a Partnership Firm has only two partners and one of them dies, the Partnership Firm will dissolve automatically. If there are more than two partners, the firm maybe run by other partners. Only the partnership will be dissolved in this scenario, and the other partners will sign into a new agreement.

  • Partners in a Partnership Firm are liable for paying dues to the Third Party

Until a public notice of dissolution is published, the partners are accountable for any act done by any of the partners that would have been an act of the firm if done before the firm was dissolved.


If a partner is declared insolvent or retires from the firm, he is no longer accountable for any actions taken after his insolvency or resignation. Any deceased partner’s legal heirs are also not accountable for any acts committed by other partners after the partner’s death.

  • Transfer of a third-interest party’s or equity

If a partner transfers control to a third party in the form of an interest or equity without consulting the other partners, the firm maybe dissolved.

  • Through Notice of dissolution

Any partner in an at-will partnership can dissolve the partnership by giving advance notice. The notice will provide a date when the dissolution will take effect.

Accounts Settlement in the Event of Dissolution

The Indian Partnership Act of 1932, Section 48, specifies the procedure for settling accounts after a firm’s dissolution. The following rules must be observed, according to section 48:

  • The firm’s losses and flaws must be compensated.

  • Amount of profit of a Firm.

  • Amount of capital.

  • The profit-sharing proportions that the partners were entitled to (if necessary).

The following is the sequence in which the firm’s assets must be distributed:

  • When it comes to paying the firm’s debts to third parties.

  • For the payment of the firm’s dues to each partner, as well as advances that are distinct from the capital amount.

  • When it comes to capital payments, each partner must pay his or her fair share.

  • The surplus assets must be allocated among the partners in proportion to their profit sharing rights.

FAQs on Dissolution of Partnership Firm

1. What is covered by a Partnership Firm’s dissolution deed?

The following items would be covered by the dissolution deed:

  • The date the partnership will cease trading and be dissolved, as well as the manner in which it will be wound up.

  • Retention of documents.

  • The distribution of any partnership funds after the debts have been paid off.

  • The return of documents, the realisation of the partnership’s assets, and the cancellation of contracts and other arrangements for the partnership’s liabilities to be discharged.

  • Information on the final set of accounting for the partnership must be prepared and approved.

  • Information on what can be done and what cannot be done by partners until the winding up of a Partnership Firm.

2. What are the rights of partners after a divorce?

Every partner has the same rights as the other or according to the contract. All partners have the right to have the firm’s assets applied to the firm’s debts and liabilities, and the surplus distributed to the partners or their representatives according to their rights. When a company is being wound up, these privileges are granted.

3. What are the Consequences of a Dissolution of a Partnership Firm?

  • The breakdown of a partnership brings the relationship between partners to an end.

  • It alters the dynamics of the Partners mutual relations.

  • The termination of a partnership does not denote that the firm’s relationships or activities are over.

  • It does not always imply that the firm will continue to operate as a separate entity.

  • Even if one of the departing partners is discharged, the firm’s assets and liabilities remain unaffected.


The Indian Partnership Act of 1932 contains provisions for the dissolution of a partnership. This statute aids those who desire to dissolve a Partnership Firm so that no one takes unfair advantage of the situation. In order to dissolve partner’s must close the books of account, all liabilities must be settled by the partners, and profit and losses will be shared among the partners according to the provisions of the agreement when the Partnership Firm is dissolved.

Categories: Company law
Zarana Mehta: Zarana Mehta is an MBA in Finance from Gujarat Technology University. Though having a masters degree in Business Administration, her upbeat and optimistic approach for changes led her to pursue her passion i.e. Creative writing. She is currently working as Content Writer at Ebizfiling.
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