compliance requirement of Trust, What is Trust in India, Types of Trust in India, compliance requirement of Trust in India, Ebizfiling

All you need to know about compliance requirement of Trust in India

“What is Trust in India?”, it’s types and Compliance requirement of Trust in India


You have probably heard of trust accounts and trustees. There are numerous rules governing the management of such accounts. Furthermore, many compliance requirements for trust accounts must be met. In this article information on “What is Trust in India?”, Types of Trust, entities that are eligible to establish a Trust, and compliance requirements of Trust in India are mentioned.

What is Trust in India?

A Trust is an arrangement in which the property is transferred to a Trustee by the owner, Trust, or Trustees. The property is transferred to the advantage of a society. The Trust or a proclamation that the property should be held by the Trustee for the Trust’s beneficiaries transfers the property to the Trustee. The Indian Trust Act of 1882 establishes the legal framework for Trust in India.

Types of Trust in India

  • Public Trust – A public trust is a trust whose beneficiaries are all members of society and which performs charity acts such as providing aid to the needy, funding for education and health care, and other services that are beneficial to all members of society.
  • Private Trust – In India, a Private Trust is one that has individuals or families as beneficiaries. In addition, in India, a Private Trust can be classified into the following categories.
    • A private Trust whose beneficiaries and requisite shares are both easily determined.
    • A private Trust whose beneficiaries or requisite shares are both difficult to determine.

Entity that are eligible to establish a Trust in India

A trust could be established by:

  • Anyone who is capable of entering into contracts, including individuals, AOPs, HUFs (Hindu Undivided Family), businesses, etc.
  • If a trust is to be established by a minor or on their behalf, The Principal Civil Court of the original jurisdiction must provide its approval.

Additionally, it relies on the laws that are in effect at that specific moment and the extent to which the trust’s creator intends to dispose of his property.

Compliance requirement of Trust in India

  • Filling of the Annual Return

All of the accounts must be fully audited by a chartered accountant before a report of the audit can be made. The reports of the audit of the private trust accounts should be submitted using Form 10B. Additionally, this audit report must be submitted with the annual income tax return using form ITR-7.

  • TDS Return

There are two procedures to take when a trust is claiming tax deductions based on the payment of salary to managing staff and personnel hired for the management purpose of the trust property. First, the people for whose behalf the tax deduction has been collected must receive the TDS certificates. And this has to be finished within a month of the end of the fiscal year. Second, the trust needs to submit quarterly TDS returns.

  • Auditing of Trust Accounts

The majority of a Private Trust are established for transferring benefits. The private trust must therefore have all of its accounts audited by a Chartered Accountant when its total income rises above the threshold limit of non-taxable income, as stated in the Income Tax Act of 1961.

  • Filing of GST Return

If the trust gets a GSTIN, it is mandatory to file GST returns monthly or quarterly, according to guidance.

  • Information related to Foreign Contribution

There are numerous trusts that receive contributions from other countries. If a trust receives foreign contributions, it must register itself under FCRA (Foreign Contribution Regulation Act) and file Foreign Contribution Report.


When a trust receives funding from a foreign country, it must submit a report to the Secretary, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, New Delhi. The report should be filed along with the Income and Expenditure Statement, Payment Accounts and Receipts, balance sheet, and annual account statement of the separate account used for foreign contribution-related transactions; the report must be certified by a Chartered Accountant on time. This report must be submitted within nine months of the fiscal year’s end.


Additionally, a trust is required to file a “Nil” report if it receives no foreign donations. The same process must be performed if the trust has not received a contribution of this  contribution in the previous financial year.

  • Trust to publish accounts in newspapers

It is also necessary for the trust to publish the accounts in the newspaper if the yearly income of the trust or the receipts produced by its assets exceeds One Crore Rupees.


For the goal of allowing the settler to express his or her feelings for charitable/religious reasons, of reducing human suffering, promoting the public good, advancing research, etc. in a proper and controlled manner, a trust can be established. In order to avoid penalties, a Trust must satisfy all of the government compliance requirements.

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Author: zarana-mehta

Zarana Mehta is an MBA in Finance from Gujarat Technology University. Though having a masters degree in Business Administration, her upbeat and optimistic approach for changes led her to pursue her passion i.e. Creative writing. She is currently working as Content Writer at Ebizfiling.

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